Monthly Archives: July 2010

Using Citronella For Protection from Insects

Citronella oil insect repellentHerbals are also effective in fighting mosquito. And one of the most powerful repellents of natural origin is those that contain citronella oil, extracted from lemongrass. It is totally safe for skin when used in correct concentration. Also it can be used warmed up with candles or lamps, its evaporation also scare mosquitoes away.

Here are simple tips of how to use citronella oil for mosquitoes.

Rule #1

To protect your skin from mosquito bites use creams with citronella oil. Such repellents usually contain other herbal oils for better protection, like peppermint or lavender. Do not forget to reuse the cream each hour or half an hour, as it is pointed in the instructions. Herbal oils evaporate and absorbed by the body too fast, that is why it requires more frequent use.

Rule #2

Before using creams with citronella oil on your skin, check its reaction on this repellent by putting a small amount of the cream on skin. For example, you can use the back of the hand. In some cases citronella oil can cause allergic reaction if you body is too sensitive to this element. Natural repellents contain herbals in rather big concentration, so checking is recommended.

Rule #3

You can use lamps and candles with citronella oil on the outside. In such a way the evaporations will frighten the insects off before they get to your house. Also it is helpful during a barbeque or another outdoor party.

Rule #4

You can use a little of citronella oil when bathing or taking a shower. Simply add it to water or on a bath sponge. After such a procedure you will be protected from insect bites for about an hour.

Rule #5

It is possible to make repellent at home if you have lemongrass or lemon thyme growing on your garden. Cut their leaves off, mill them using blender, wring out the oil and use it on skin or for burning with candles. According to studies, lemon thyme provides with 62% of efficiency of DEET repellents .

Rule #6

When coming inside the house, do not hold oils on skin, remove them with the help of water.

Making Mosquito Repellent at Home

Natural repellentsIt is very uncomfortable to stay outdoors, make picnics or barbeques together with mosquitoes that are not only annoying but also can spread various viruses. Many repellents contain various synthetic chemicals that are not safe for health. As an alternative to them, you can use natural repellents made by your own hands. It will be made of safe herbal ingredients with good smell and effective protection from mosquitoes and other insects.

You will need the following materials:

Eucalyptus oil (or leaves)

Catnip essential oil

Garlic

Rosemary

Carrier oil

Marigolds

Dish soap

Glycerin

Hose sprayer

It is easy to make effective herbal repellent of eucalyptus. If you have such a herb in your garden, gather its leaves (you will need a handful or two) and boil them in a liter of water. Let this decoction to cool down, then just filter it and put into a sprayer. All you need to do is to spray it on your skin when you are planning to go outside. As an alternative to this, when having no eucalyptus plant, you can simply use its essential oil. Put a few drops of it into carrier oil and rub it into your skin. As carrier oil you can use glycerin, jojoba or palm oil or any other skin-care oil.

If you prefer a mild, almost unnoticeable smell, use catnip oil instead of eucalyptus. Mix a few drops of catnip oil into 250 ml (one cup) of carrier oil and use this mixture for rubbing on skin. Such repellent has very long term of use and requires very small doses for excellent effect. Catnip oil contains nepetalactone that without any smell scares mosquitoes away. You can order instant catnip oil online or buy it at pharmacy.

Another natural repellent can be made of rosemary leaves. Using it you can make a spray that helps to get rid of mosquitoes and other insects. Use about two handfuls of rosemary leaves, adding them into a liter of boiling water. Let them simmer for 5 minutes and cool down. Then only strain the liquid and put it into a sprayer. Use when going outside.

For those who can easily stand garlic aroma, it’s great news: garlic is an excellent repellent. Just crush fresh cloves and rub it on your skin. It is also a good remedy from mites. If you don’t want to put garlic on your skin, try to boil it near the place you stand. Its evaporations also scary mosquitoes away, but it is not so effective in this form.

Simple dish soap also repels mosquitoes. Put it into a hose sprayer together with glycerin (1 tablespoon of glycerin for a half a liter of dish soap). Spray the mixture around your courtyard. In such a way you will repel mosquitoes and scary away bugs from your garden.

Make up Natural Mosquito Repellent by Your Own Hands. How to Make Catnip Spritz for Mosquitoes?

Catnip flowers mosquito repellentsIt is generally known that mosquitoes can spread various dangerous infections like the West Nile Virus or Encephalitis. However there are some simple ways how to protect you from mosquito bites using natural materials. Here is a one of them.

According to numerous researches, there are natural repellents that can be more effective than common chemicals. For instance, the results of the latest research made by specialists from the Iowa State University Department of Entomology claim that catnip essence oil is ten times better protection from mosquitoes than DEET chemical widely used in repellents.

Regardless of DEET repellents popularity, this chemical can be dangerous for human health, especially for children. It was scientifically proved that DEET can impact the brain activity by killing cells in brain. It also can cause serious changes in behavior explained by neurological disorders that can appear after frequent DEET use during a long period of time.

The problem of finding safer way of protection from insects made scientists find answer in natural materials with less harmful side effects. And essential oils were found to be effective substitutes of chemical repellents. Catnip is one of the most useful organic matters that in right concentrations can fight mosquitoes even better than DEET-based substances.

Currently it is unknown the reason why mosquitoes are so afraid of catnip oil, but this really works. Not a long a go the use of essential catnip oil for producing natural repellents was patented by the Iowa State University Research Foundation. This means that in the near future new, efficient and safe natural repellents will appear in the market.

But this doesn’t mean that you can’t grow your own catnip and make a repellent for your own needs. If you have an area for gardening, full of sunlight and fertile soil, try to plant catnip. The Latin name of this plant is Nepeta cataria, it is a close relative to ornamental catmint. Catnip is already used for medical purposes due to its useful properties, but sometimes it is planted just like an ornamental.

Catnip has beautiful small blue flowers that are usually lost in the massive grass of green-gray color. It is very soft in touch due to hairy texture of the leaves. Catnip feels itself perfectly in sunny places with well-drained soil. It can also grow on heavy clay, but it is recommended to plant them on a mounded beds.

Catnip is planted in fall, as many other herbs. It requires very little watering: once or twice during the first year after planting, in case the summer is too hot and dry. Generally it is enough natural rainfalls to nourish catnip with water and develop strong rootage that will protect the plant from exhaustion. It is naturally strong plant that doesn’t need too much care from gardener.

Dealing with catnip, it is better to prepare some compost mixture for planning soil instead of feeding the herbs after planting. Compost and native soil mixed in 1:1 proportion is ideal for catnip. Put a layer of compost (two or three inches) on the top of bed for catnip to protect roots from exposure in winter.

As opposite to many plants, it is not recommended to feed catnip even in spring. Fertilizers can cause intensive growth that influences badly on essential oil quality in future. That is why the commercial production of essential oils is too risky, as most manufacturers overfeed soil with various fertilizers. At home try to use only very mild fertilizers to eliminate the rapid catnip growth.

You can do both spritz and infused oil as a remedies against mosquitoes. Both means effective and long-term protection totally safe for your health. I have proved this by my own experience and want to share some recipes with you. They already used in my family and I hope will help you to forget about annoying insects during warm summertime.

How to Make Catnip Spritz for Mosquitoes?

This recipe is given in simple proportions of ingredients. So you can get as much of the repellent as you need. In result you will receive
3 doses of ready-made spritz liquid.

You will need:
-2 dozes of catnip without stems
-3-4 dozes of rice vinegar

Clean the catnip with water, pound it a little using a rolling pin. Then place the material into some pot, coat it with the rice vinegar, close the pan and put in some dark place for at least 2 weeks.

Once a day you need to shake the pot. After two weeks are expired, filter the liquid to a clean pot. Keep it in refrigerator.
To use, splash the mixture on your skin. Also you can spritz it in the area around house doors and windows.

How to Make Mosquito Catnip Oil?

-2 parts of catnip leaves
-1 part of rosemary (cut in pieces)
-2 parts of any light body-care oil

Pound herbs a little using a rolling pin. Cover them with oil (you can use grape oil), close the pot and place in a dark place for 2 weeks. The following instructions are the same as for catnip spritz. The term of use is 8 months. Apply to your skin.

How to do Traps for Mosquitoes

Homemade mosquito traps The open-airs can be a spot of full distinctiveness or of full annoyance. Mosquitoes can attack the external field of yours, making it comfortless or even useless. Today the counters of the shops display huge number of poisonous sprays and electrical tools to assist in solving of that matter. But, iv you have domestic animals, children or take care of the ambient medium you may want discover a more cheap, environmentally amicable means of inspection. Snares for mosquitoes are the resolution of problem that you can make by your own hands out of household elements to assist to maintain the friendliness of your open-airs.

Complexity: easy

Manual

Things You’ll Use:
-Two-liter bot, 2 glasses of lukewarm water, 1 glass of sugar, 1 parcel of leaven, Glue Black building paper

Step 1
Withdraw the end from your hollow two-liter drink bot. Don’t throw out the end for collection later.

Step 2
Fill 1 glass of sugar into the bot. Supplement the lukewarm water and agitate to resolve the sugar in water.

Step 3
Supplement the parcel of leaven to the mix of sugar and water.

Step 4
Use glue free to the exterior side of your bot snare. Paste a piece of black building paper with the glue to lock the sun rays in the interior of the snare.

Step 5
Locate your snare in a damp, over the way place. Gather and substitute the snare one to two weeks of perforce in period of mosquito season.

Advices and Cautions:
-Afterward the collection you may put your snare in the freezing chamber to unpack the mosquitoes. After that throw away the bot into the dustbin.

More Information about Mosquitoes – Myths about Mosquitoes

Is HIV/AIDS is transmitted by mosquitoes? Do certain plants repulse mosquitoes? Is it true that mosquitoes prefer to suck blood of pregnant women?

The affirmative answer to those questions is only one… Read the myths about mosquitoes below and find out the answer to which question is affirmative one!

· The Purple Martinet eats a huge number of mosquito populations and therefore it is very important in the control process of mosquitoes.
FALSE – Purple Martinet eat mosquitoes but they are fastidious eaters an if is given the opportunity they will coos to feed by a larger insects over the mosquitoes. Researches have shown that only 1% – 3% of the Purple Martinet food consists oа mosquitoes.

· If you want to keep mosquitoes away from your house you have to attract some night bats to your yard because they will feed by mosquitoes.
FALSE – Investigations have shown that while night bats eat a great number of insects, mosquitoes make up a small part of their food.

· You can fight with mosquitoes with the help of electric tools that emit HF sounds.
FALSE – Investigations have concluded that electronic insecticides that emit HF sounds repel mosquitoes or prevent people from their bites. You can make a test of this technique and see if it works but be careful before purchasing of electric devices.

· Devices for electrical stunning repel mosquitoes from the house.
FALSE – While fly swatters kill a lot of insects, including mosquitoes, they will not fight with vermins from your home. Really, investigation has shown in the number of insects, that were killed with the help of electronic devices, only a small number was mosquitoes.

· The citrosa plant and citronella oil insecticides help in keeping mosquitoes away.
FALSE – No investigations have shown that the citrosa plant or any other plant in fact repels mosquitoes enough to make better a human comfort.

· HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through mosquitoes to humans.
FALSE – The HIV that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) can’t survive in a mosquito which means that it cannot be transmitted from one human to another through mosquitoes.

Thus, the only one truth among the abovementioned myths is that the mosquitoes really prefer tu suck the blood of pregnant women to any other person. You ask why? Well, scientists in London suppose that it is so because the body temperature of pregnant women is higher than of the others

Diseases Transferred by Mosquito, Encephalitis, Dengue, Malaria, West Nile Fever

Diseases Transferred by Mosquito ENCEPHALITIS
Encephalitis is the brain infection that is met in several forms, like La Crosse, West Nile, Eastern Equine, etc. This disease is peculiar to the USA, and the scope of territories where the patients with such diagnosis can be met is constantly growing. Being very rare disease, in up to 60% of cases Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) leads to fatal outcome. Those who survive, experience serious impact of the CNS.

EEE is transmitted by Culiseta melanura species of mosquitoes. They can be called as a ‘bridge vector’ spreading infection from one species to another by cross biting. This means that such a mosquito can bite an infected bird, and then bite a human, transmitting EEE from birds to people. Also EEE can be transmitted to horses or other animals.

The symptoms of Eastern Equine Encephalitis are experienced in 2 – 10 days after the bite of mosquitoes that was infected. The severe symptoms, like stiff neck, fever, lethargy are usually very difficult to bear. The most harmful symptom that can occur when infected with EEE, is the brain inflammation that can lead to death. To avoid the worst consequences, it is highly recommended to ask for medical help as soon as first symptoms appear.

DENGUE
Dengue disease is met in tropical territories and it can be spread by Aedes aegypti mosquito. These insects attack mostly on daytime, and they prefer humans to animals. The other infection transmitter is Aedes albopictus or ‘tiger mosquito’. People bitten by infected insects can experience various disorders starting from viral influenza to different fatal diseases like hemorrhagic fever.

Until 1970’s there were no cases of dengue in America, till the infection appeared in Cuba and was spread around the Caribbean region. In 1981 there was one more wave of disease, and this time infected people experienced one of the hardest symptoms – hemorrhagic fever. There was about 300 000 of infected people with more than one thousand deaths. Mostly they were children. In 1998 the Barbados Island also struggled from dengue epidemy.

Dengue becomes more and more dangerous infection as for its consequences and epidemic scale, and soon it can overcome malaria that is the most popular human infection transmitted by mosquitoes.

MALARIA
Malaria can occur when transmitting a malaria parasite from the infected person to another. The transmitters of this disease are Anopheles mosquitoes that bite at night. Malaria is typical for tropic and subtropical territories.

The common symptoms for malaria are high fever, head and muscle aches and sickness. It is often confused with flu on the early stages. As a rule, first symptoms appear in 6-7 days after the bite of infected insect. In some cases people can experience malaria in a few months after a bite when travelling around tropic countries.

When going there, you can protect yourself from malaria by taking special anti-malaria drugs and using repellents against mosquitoes. According to numerous studies, about 40% of the population of the planet is at the group of risk to catch malaria. The statistics shows that annually malaria becomes the reason of more than one million of human deaths.

WEST NILE FEVER
West Nile Fever is displayed in high temperature, headaches, rash and sickness.

The more severe symptoms that can occur in case of West Nile Virus infection are torpor, neck stiffness, coma, blindness, palsy. A patient can experience these symptoms for weeks or even permanently.

The period after bite when the symptoms begin to release, is three to fourteen days. As opposite to Eastern Equine Encephalitis, in 4/5 of cases there are no any symptoms at all, and only 20% of infected people feel mild or severe symptoms of WNF disease. Mostly they are children or people with auto-immune disorders.

YELLOW JACK
Yellow jack or yellow fever is transmitted by Aedes aegypti. There was no case of such disease in the USA, but it occurs rather often in South America and Africa. The symptoms are typical for most of mosquito-transmitted fevers and include fever, head and back aches, sickness and retching. Sometimes patients with yellow jack can experience jaundice. As the most severe display of the disease, the infection can affect blood, kidneys and liver, and can lead to death.

The transmission is similar to Malaria: a mosquito bites an infected person and then bites another one, transmitting parasites. The patient with yellow fever can get a therapy only against the symptoms, but there is no treatment against the disease itself. When infected once, the human body produces immunity against yellow fever. The disease distribution can be limited using vaccination.