Find USA Hospitals, Help for Mosquito Bites

Once I’ve took my nephew Pete to go with us to Florida for a short vacation. I live near the lake, so mosquitoes in summer is something must-be in my home area. I and my family got used to that bugs and when bitten we do not have any problems – the bites are not painful, no allergic reactions, etc. But when after picnic outside I started washing Pete, I was shocked! His back and legs were covered with huge reddish pimples, he felt terrible itching and couldn’t stop scratching that rash. The red bumps became bigger and bigger, I realized that it was severe allergic reaction, his temperature was high.

I started to think where I could find hospitals in that location to help my poor nephew. He was only four years old, so this should be a pediatric hospital with allergologist and dermatologist. Of course we all were nervous, but my husband offered the right solution – to use Internet, there should be some resources like this one, with big database of hospitals in America. I really appreciate this service for giving me all information I needed to help my little nephew quickly. He felt worse and worse, had even fever due to a lot of bites. That was my fault that I didn’t got any repellents, I just didn’t thought that Pete could have such reaction on bites.

I just googled for hospitals in San Diego and got here. Thank God there were a couple of hospitals for children in a few miles from our villa. We contacted them, and one agreed to take us immediately. I explained the symptoms by phone, the doctor’s assistant said what to do and what not to do until we get to the hospital. So, I was calmed down a little, as a real professional gave some first-need recommendations. This was one of the biggest hospitals in Florida with all we needed. I really think that such services can help, when you are in some unknown location, have no specialists and can do nothing with the problem occurred suddenly, like it was with Pete. This little boy really needed help, and I could do nothing except find hospitals for the poor child.

I am completely satisfied with this service. I was provided the full range of hospitals in Florida, all phone numbers were real. It took me a few minutes to find the suitable department and arrange a consultation with pediatric specialists. I don’t know how it would be without this website. My emergency case required immediate actions – and this resource of hospitals in America was a rescue for my nephew!

Mosquito treatment, Alternative mosquito treatment

Mosquito treatment

Mosquito treatment

Multiple mosquito bites, mosquitoes, horseflies, gadflies and other small insects are also dangerous to humans, especially for those who are allergic to their stings. By the bite of these insects appears a brief pain, itching, and then a little red skin. If you have been bited, you’ll need mosquito treatment. Especially if sensitivity of man to mosquitoes can emerge in the form of allergic red rash. When a mosquito bite you should use mosquito treatment: first aid are practically the same as that of a bee sting, bees and wasps. Consider them.

Mosquito treatment: first aid

First, you must refrain from rubbing your skin at the site of the bite, even if you really want. I want to remind that child also should be warned not to bite combed to redness, as it will lead to more itching and healing of long-term.

Secondly, put the bite on a gauze bandage soaked with ammonia or vodka.

Attention! If you are bitten by anopheles mosquito, immediately contact the infectious diseases hospital for help – you need mosquito treatment! It is very easy to distinguish from ordinary mosquito : body mosquito sitting on any surface, is located at an angle to it, while an ordinary mosquito body at rest is located paralellno about the same surface. Among other distinctive features of the malarial mosquito – longer legs and dark spots on its wings.

Alternative mosquito treatment

Alternative mosquito treatment advises: If you are unable to remove the sting from the wound and began to fester to the warming (!) Compress of alcohol or vodka, or to make a gauze bandage to the bite of a cotton, swab soaked in carbolic oil.

If you delete an entire sting, but there are some remained itching and swelling, it must be applied to sore spot cotton swab moistened with the juice of garlic. Garlic relieves pain and swelling.

Read more - Interesting Facts About Mosquito Bites

Interesting Facts About Mosquito Bites

Mosquito bites

Mosquito bites

Those who spend some of their free time outside in spring and summer are most likely familiar to the irritating sound of mosquitoes buzzing and being swatted. However, you are usually left with a mosquito bite, which is always a simple annoyance, most of us put up with. Nevertheless, the bites are able to cause allergic reactions in some individuals, becoming a very painful affliction.

The most well-known fact about mosquitoes is that those who feed on blood are females, while male mosquitoes feed off nectar. When a mosquito bites a human, it injects proteins and enzymes into their body, which are to numb the skin. This is done with the sole purpose to make a person not notice the insect and swat it. This also prevents the human blood from clotting so the mosquito can drink it easily. Human body, however, will anyway notice the enzymes the insects leave behind in the wound. In order to protect the body from the injury of the bite, it starts releasing antibodies and neurotransmitters known as histamines. This is what makes the bite sites itch, usually causing bumps to rise under the skin.

The mosquitoes are known for carrying a number of dangerous diseases, such as encephalitis, West Nile virus, Malaria, and fever. Considering that those insects are able to transmit such diseases, it would be best to avoid being bitten. The easiest way to do so is to stay away from the areas full of mosquitoes. These insects breed in standing water, which means that areas like marshes, swamps and places by stagnant water are most likely infested with them. In case you have to be in some of those locations, do you best to schedule your time there to the middle of the day, since the insects are more active at dawn and dusk.

Read more about  Mosquito bites.

Mosquitos bites, pictures of mosquitoes bites

mosquito bites

mosquito_bite_img

mosquito bite picture

mosquito bite pictures

mosquito bites

mosquitoes bites pictures

mosquitoes bites pictures

mosquitoes bite picture

mosquito bite image

mosquitos bites images

How to distinguish mosquitoes from other flies.

Diptera MosquitoeMosquitoes or gnats (Culicidce) belong to the order of insects known as Diptera. As is well-known, a typical member of the class Insecta has four wings, but it is characteristic of members of the order Diptera that the hinder pair of wings are so reduced in size as to form only small knobs called ” balancers ” or halter es, so that Diptera are often spoken of as ” two- winged flies.” Other important characteristics of members of this order are that they possess piercing and sucking mouth parts, and that they undergo complete ” metamorphosis ” a term which is ex- plained by Glaus in the following manner :

The more complete the agreement between the just-born young and the adult sexual animal so much the greater will be the duration of the embryonic development and the more complicated the developmental processes of the embryo. The post-embryonic development will, in this case, be confined to simple processes of growth. When, however, the embryo is born in an immature condition and at a relatively low state of organization, the post-embryonic development will be more complicated, and the young animal, in addition to its increase in size, will present various processes oftransformation and change of form. In such cases the just-hatched young, as opposed to the adult animal, is called a Larva and develops gradually to the form of the adult sexual animal. The development of larvas, however, is by no means direct and uniform, but is compli- cated by the necessity for special contrivances to enable them to procure food and to protect themselves ; sometimes taking place in an entirely different medium, under different conditions of life. This kind of post-embryonic development is known as metamorphosis.”

The phenomena of metamorphosis are exceedingly well shown in the life history of frogs and in that of most insects. The different stages through which mosquitoes pass before they reach the adult state may, for example, be briefly described in the following way:

The adult mosquito lays its eggs on the surface of water. The eggs float on the water for some days (two to four), after which
time they hatch and permit of the escape of the larva.

The larva is a free swimming, worm-like animal, which eats greedily and grows rapidly, casting its skin several times in the process, till it reaches its full development. At this stage it suddenly changes its form ; casting its skin, the worm -like larva assumes a comma shape, and so becomes the pupa or nympha.

During the pupal period the insect ceases to eat ; profound anatomical changes take place within the pupal skin, whereby the masticatory mouthparts of the larva are converted into the suctorial apparatus of the adult insect or imago. After a certain number of days the pupa-case ruptures, and the adult insect is liberated, furnished with wings and legs adapted for a life in the air.

The Diptera have been divided into two great groups, termed Orthorrhapha and ^yclorrhapha, according to the manner in which
the pupa-case splits to permit of the escape of the perfect insect. In the Orthorrhapha, which includes the Culicidoe (mosquitoes), the ChironomidcB (midges), the Simulidce (sand-flies’, the Cecidomyidce (gall-midges), the Mycetophilidce (fungus-midges), the Tipulidce (daddy-long-legs), the TabanidcB (horse-flies), etc., the pupa-case splits longitudinally down the median dorsal line. In the Cyclor- rhapha, which includes the Syrphidce (hoverflies), the Oestridce (bot-and warble flies), the Muscidce (houfee flies, tsetse flies, blue and green bottle flies, flesh flies, etc.), the perfect insect escapes by the splitting off of a cap from the head end of the pupa.

The members of some of the above families are not infrequently mistaken for mosquitoes, especially the ChironomidcB or midges, the Cecidomyidce or gall-midges, the Tipulidce, the Simulidce, and the Psychodidce or owl-midges. Mosquitoes may, however, be easily distinguished from any other flies by the following characters :

- They possess a long sucking proboscis.*

- The veins on their wings are covered with scales.

- The arrangement of their wing-veins is characteristic and different from that of the members of any other family.

Resource – A Monograph of the Anopheles Mosquitoes of India By William Glen Liston, Sydney Price James

True Facts about Mosquitoes, They don’t transmit AIDS

Mosquitoes true factsThe list given below may surprise many, but all these facts are true, and it will probably help you better know your enemy.

- One mosquito female can lay more than 200 eggs at a time, able to survive for over 5 years.

- The only thing mosquitoes need to complete life cycle is water.

- Different species of mosquitoes bite different creatures: while some prefer humans, others bite birds, horses, and even frogs and turtles.

- Their flying speed is 1.5 mph, with wing beats ranging from 300 to 600 times a second.

- Male mosquitoes only feed on nectar. Those who take blood are females.

- These insects don’t live in grass, although adult insects often rest there by day.

- Mosquitoes bear the biggest responsibility for human death than any other creatures.

- They don’t transmit AIDS. – One mosquito takes around 5-millionths of a liter at a time.

- Mosquitoes can carry over pets’ heartworm, a parasite attacking their major arteries and heart.

- So far there’re over 2500 species known all over the globe, 150 of which occur in the US.

- Mosquitoes are able to fly long distances, with some species’ record being 20 miles.

- Although mosquitoes can’t see well, they can zoom in. Still, they won’t see you if you’re farther than 30 feet away.

- However, mosquito can smell well, feeling you exhaling carbon dioxide from 70 feet away.

- Mosquitoes have quite a long life – females live 3 to 100 days, while males only 10 to 20 days.

- Some individuals are more attractive to these insects than others. Although it’s unclear why, the theory is that it depends on the 300-odd chemicals produced by our skin.

Smoke Mosquitoes Out, mosquito bites may be very dangerous!

Mosquito bite pictureMany know that mosquito bites may be very dangerous, as they can transmit serious diseases, particularly if you have pets and kids. In fact, you are able to lower the risk of getting infected with one of these mosquito-transmitted diseases if follow several simple rules.

1. Use insect repellent with DEET.
Each time you go outside apply DEET to your exposed skin. DEET is another name for N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide – active component used in all the most popular insect repellents that are applied to the exposed skin. Although it doesn’t kill mosquitoes, it still repels them. Products based on N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide are marketed all over the world in different concentrations and forms developed to protect people from bites of ticks and insects, as well as life-threatening diseases those can carry.

2. Don’t use fragrant body products.
Insects are very often attracted by various body odors, which makes them choose some particular people among others in a crowd. Avoiding lotions, soaps, and perfumes containing heavy fragrances will help you find yourself among those the mosquitoes are less interested in.

3. Choose appropriate clothing.
When going outdoors, it is recommended that you wear socks, long pants, and long-sleeves. Since insects may bite through thin clothes, applying repellent with DEET or permethrin on clothes will provide you additional protection. However, it’s important to remember that you mustn’t spray repellents with permethrin on exposed skin, as well as you can’t apply repellent with DEET on the skin under the clothing.

4. Liquidate insects breeding places.
Since mosquitoes are very poor fliers, most of those insects that you see around your house usually come from your own place or your neighbors’. You can control their population by eliminating the potential locations mosquitoes can breed from your home and change the water daily in all containers like birdbaths, as these insects are able to breed in a mere teaspoon of water.

5. Take extra care in peak mosquito times.
Time from dusk to dawn is peak insects biting hours for many types of mosquitoes. If you have to go outside during these times, make sure you use both protective clothing and repellent.

6. Use modern means against mosquitoes.
Now new technologies are evolving, providing you with lots of innovations like mosquito traps, which can control mosquitoes outdoors. They work by luring insects into a special container and trap them till death, so that you could enjoy outdoor activities without fear.

In case you got bitten after all, take some measures too. Wash insects’ bites with mild soap and water, avoiding scratching the area, even though it itches badly. The itching may be relieved by anti-itch medicines like non-prescription cortisone creams or Calamine lotion. In case you have any of these symptoms, seek medical help immediately: fever, painful headache, abrupt sensitivity to light, stiff neck, infection or extreme swelling of the bite area, muscle weakness or confusion.

Protect Your Pets from Mosquitoes, Pets and Mosquitoes

Protect pets from mosquitoesThe pets may be infected with a parasitic disease called heartworm, which involves a long thin worm living in their heart and blood vessels. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes and affects cats and dogs, although dogs get ill more often than cats.

The heartworm disease may not involve any visible symptoms until after a full calendar year after the moment of infection. Cats and dogs carrying heartworms are usually easily tired; they can cough or appear rough and unthriving, sometimes coughing up worms and blood from ruptured vessels. Finally the animal can suddenly collapse and die because of the blockage of major blood vessels.

This disease can be prevented if using the proper prescription, which can be got from veterinary clinic. Your vet can consult you about preventive medicine and heartworm testing of your pets.

However, you can always reduce your animal’s risk to the heartworm disease by reducing its exposure to mosquitoes by some simple control measures:

- Change your pet’s water dishes every day.

- When going outdoors, your pet can be protected with a mosquito trap.

- Make sure your pets are kept inside at dawn and dusk, which is peak mosquito feeding hours.

- Eliminate all the sources of dead water in the nearby area, where mosquitoes might breed.

Useful website – Pets drugs information, interactions, dosage, side effects http://vetdrugslist.net

The Life Cycle of Mosquitoes, Mosquito Egg Raft, Larva, Pupa, Adult

Lifecycle of Mosquito: EggRaft, Larva, Pupa, AdultMosquitoes are widespread all around the world, and there are about 2500 species of these biting insects, 150 of which are flying around the USA. Only in California there are more than 50 species. In 99% of cases people are bitted by one of only eight species from the whole variety of mosquitoes.

Each kind of mosquitoes has its own Latin name in scientific classification. Each name contains some unique characteristics that differ the species one from another. Many species have also common English names, alongside with Latin ‘identifiers’. For example, Aedes aegypti is also called ‘yellow fever mosquito’

The common peculiarity for all mosquitoes – they need to dwell near some standing water bodies to be able to reproduce. It can be any kind of water, from melted clean ice to dirty sewages, small swamps or huge lakes. By the way, some species oviposit in specific types of water bodies, and depending on the place where the larva was found, a researcher can define the species of mosquito. Adult individuals oviposit in dark damp places where water can stay after rains. This can be tree holes, some cracks, bottom lands, ponds, damp fields with irrigation system, etc. The environmental conditions required for habitation are different for each kind of mosquitoes.

It is interesting to know that only adult individuals can bite and feed on blood from people and animals. And what more, only female mosquitoes bite. They can bite any wild or domestic animals, birds, reptiles, frogs, etc. Different species are used to feed on specific kinds of animals, one can bite people but be indifferent to wild animals. Or mosquitoes living near the lakes can bite only frogs and reptiles. Male and young female individuals are herbivorous, living on juices of various grasses and tree leaves.

The necessity of animal blood intake is required for producing eggs. That is why they are bloodsucking insects. For the majority of mosquitoes, the absence of blood meal means death without ability to lay eggs that are able to grow up to larvae. Nevertheless, there are some kinds of mosquitoes that during evolution become able to do without blood.

As for the flying capabilities, mosquitoes have different habits. Some species spend the whole life cycle near their place of birth and do not migrate for long distances, while other prefer to travel far away from homes. Female individual are more inclined to migration than males. The distance of possible migrations is mostly defined by winds that occur in the territory of habitation. General radius of migrations is 1 – 2 miles around the source, but some species can fly away for up to 75 miles.

The life span of mosquitoes is conditional on various factors like the season of the year, sex, climate, etc. Males usually live for much shorter time, up to a week. Female individuals’ life lasts for a month or so, but this can differ depending on their environmental conditions.

The life cycle of mosquitoes consists of four phases. First, an Egg appears, it turns into Larva, that continuously grows up to Pupa, and finally, an Adult individual. Each phase of life differs from the others by definite characteristics.

Eggs can be laid in a few variants. Some species lie eggs on the water surface, while other one prefer damp ground that will be covered with water after rains or tides. Eggs can drift on the water surface separately by one, or can be combined in so called ‘rafts’. All these peculiarities depend on mosquito species, and of course you can find out which kind of insects it is by looking at its batch of eggs. As a rule, an egg turns into larva in two days (forty eight hours).

Larva usually lives in the water that is why it is necessary for mosquitoes to live near water bodies. Larva comes upward, on the water surface for breathing. During the process of growth mosquito larva shed skin a few times. They breathe by either siphon tunes or simply by their skin, lying on a surface of water. The main food is various plankton microorganisms from the water. After shedding the skin four times, larvae turn into a pupa.

While being a pupa, mosquito individual doesn’t eat anything, it uses the nutrients collecting during the previous phase of growth. This is the phase of rest, lasting about two days. Then the pupal skin breaks, and mosquito turns into adult insect.

When becoming an adult, mosquito requires a certain time for resting on the water surface to let its body to get stronger and dry out before being able to fly.

As a rule the duration of each growth stage (up to adult) depends on temperature and other factors of environment. Usually the lower the temperature, the longer lifecycle is. The length of life differs for different species, but in general it takes from 4 days up to 30.

In the below part of the article you will find out more about mosquito species mostly common for the US areas. Culex mosquitoes are one of the most annoying biting insects in America. For laying eggs Culex individuals prefer the water surface, either on fresh or lenthic water bodies. It can settle near people’s houses if there are some water reservoirs located near. It can be anything: flowerpots, buckets, ditches, swimming pools, etc. These mosquitoes like mostly calm places with no wind. House courtyard is ideally suitable place for propagation.

As a rule, eggs are laid during the night time. Culex mosquitoes make up eggs rafts once in three days (only grow-up individuals). Each raft contains up to three hundred eggs. Each egg is dark-colored, about 6 mm in length and 3 mm in width.

The egg of Culex mosquito turns into a larvae in one day. As opposite to Culex species, Anopheles group of mosquitoes’ eggs are not formed in rafts, they are laid singly. Another species, Aedes, oviposit on damp ground, mostly on places of salt water body’s shores, irrigated fields, etc.

Mosquito larvae or ‘wrigglers’ stay in water for seven – fourteen days. The term of staying in water depends on its temperature. Being on a water surface allows larva to breath, enriching their body with oxygen. The respiratory organ of mosquito larvae is a siphon tube, not all species have it. Anopheles mosquitoes don’t have a siphon tube, they have a breathing opening. To breathe they need to lie on a surface for some time during a day.

When growing, larva changes its skin coat four times. The period between shedding is called instar. At the time of fourth instar larva is twice more in size than it was during the egg phase. Its length is about 12 – 13 mm.

The fourth instar is the last phase of larva stage, after it the individual turns into a pupa.

Pupa is a transitional period from larva to adult insect that lasts from one to four days. The color of pupa is slightly lighter, compared with water. As a rule, pupae live on the water surface. Breathing is performed through a couple of breathing tubes or ‘trumpets’. The pupae don’t take any food.

In the end of the pupa phase an adult mosquito breaks the pupal case and lifts to the water surface. Here it takes some rest to dry off and become stronger.

The bites of mosquitoes differ in painful sensations. For example, Aedes mosquitoes’ bites are very painful. What is interesting, they bite mostly during the daytime, not in the night hours. They do not come to houses, biting outdoors, and their main attraction is different mammals, including humans. Also Aedes species are very good fliers, famous for their long-distance migrations.

Culex mosquitoes are also annoying biters, but their time for bites is gloaming and night hours. They easily enter animal dwellings for taking some blood meal. They bite mostly wild and domestic birds instead of animals and people. Some of Culex species are the transmitters or dangerous infections. For instance, Culex tarsalis spreads encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) to people and some domestic animals. Culex mosquitoes do not fly to long distances, only to one or two miles away from their homes.

Female individuals, appeared in the late summer usually search appropriate places for hibernation. In spring they wake up with the warm weather and continue their life cycle by laying eggs.

Culiseta mosquitoes are also among annoying biters that attack people in the evening or daytime in shaded places. The only carrier of malaria that affects people is Anopheles mosquito. It is met on all continents except Antarctica.

Mosquito dietary habits

Female mosquitoes bite because in their organism there is a lack of protein, which is necessary for developing their eggs, and protein is present in our blood.

They use to choose their victims according to smell combination, visual cues and heat. They continue to seek their “meal” until their bellies are full. Female mosquitoes live to about a month and during that time they feed every 2 or 3 nights.

The most common time for feeding is at dawn and dusk and for few hours into dark. Anyway, there exist some particularly aggressive types which feed day and night.

Mosquitoes place blood meals with the help of their antennae to define trace quantities of carbon dioxide produced in human breathe. That carbon dioxide rises in plumes that mosquitoes can feel from hundreds of feet away.

A mosquitoes which seek his victim follows towards the source of a plume. When the victim is close enough, mosquito begins to determine other chemical smells that say about the presence of people. A skin of a man produces more than 340 of these chemical signals, including octenol, which also can be found in the exhalation of cows.

One type of people will smell better to the mosquito than the other, and nobody exactly knows why. Corpulent people and pregnant women attract mosquitoes more then other, that’s because probably they produce more CO2. Cholesterol and folic acid, perfumes, colognes, and lotions also act as attractants for mosquitoes.

The life and behaviour of mosquito also depends on its large compound eyes, created for spotting motion, in order to help guide it in. Two simple eyes of mosquito, which are called ocelli are very photosensitive so because of that mosquitoes react to the bright colours and lights.

In the end, Thermal sensors of the mosquitoes’ antennae and around its mouth determine the heat which comes from the warm-blooded bodies. That allows them to land on a skin and to find capillaries, located closer to the surface.

After that the mosquito transfixes the skin with serrate proboscis which contains two tubes. Through one tube it injects spit that numbs the area of skin and preserves the blood from clotting. Through the other tube mosquito sucks blood into its belly.

The mosquito will drink your blood until the belly is full, takes out the proboscis and fly away. More often a bitten person doesn’t feel the bite until a small allergic reaction which causes itch.