Those who spend some of their free time outside in spring and summer are most likely familiar to the irritating sound of mosquitoes buzzing and being swatted. However, you are usually left with a mosquito bite, which is always a simple annoyance, most of us put up with. Nevertheless, the bites are able to cause allergic reactions in some individuals, becoming a very painful affliction.
The most well-known fact about mosquitoes is that those who feed on blood are females, while male mosquitoes feed off nectar. When a mosquito bites a human, it injects proteins and enzymes into their body, which are to numb the skin. This is done with the sole purpose to make a person not notice the insect and swat it. This also prevents the human blood from clotting so the mosquito can drink it easily. Human body, however, will anyway notice the enzymes the insects leave behind in the wound. In order to protect the body from the injury of the bite, it starts releasing antibodies and neurotransmitters known as histamines. This is what makes the bite sites itch, usually causing bumps to rise under the skin.
The mosquitoes are known for carrying a number of dangerous diseases, such as encephalitis, West Nile virus, Malaria, and fever. Considering that those insects are able to transmit such diseases, it would be best to avoid being bitten. The easiest way to do so is to stay away from the areas full of mosquitoes. These insects breed in standing water, which means that areas like marshes, swamps and places by stagnant water are most likely infested with them. In case you have to be in some of those locations, do you best to schedule your time there to the middle of the day, since the insects are more active at dawn and dusk.
Read more about Mosquito bites.